Car Tech

From Hybrids to EVs to Autonomous Cars, Here's What's Coming When

The auto industry has reached a critical mass of sorts as automakers line up their future plans to produce electric and autonomous vehicles, or both.

Neither of these technologies is entirely new, of course. There already exists a wide variety of hybrid vehicles, and plug-in hybrids (PHEV) are becoming more popular as manufacturers bridge the gap between well-established gas-electric hybrid technology and fully-electric cars. And then we're seeing the steady progression of those all-electric models, particularly at the entry level, where mainstream automakers are stretching driving range capabilities, with cars like the 2017 Chevrolet Bolt, to get closer to the point Tesla is already at with its Model S and Model X and their near-six-figure starting price tags.

In order to help you (and us, if we're being quite honest) keep track of which automaker is where with electric and autonomous vehicle technology, here are a couple of handy tables listing 40 automakers, mainstream and otherwise, showing which ones already have various levels of electrified vehicles and semi-autonomous technology in the marketplace, and when those that don't say they will.

Keep in mind, the dates we list here for the introduction of future BEVs and PHEVs are based on manufacturer plans announced mostly before the current US administration took office, whose re-examination of fuel economy mandates and other policies may shift some timelines.

Hybrid/EV Availability by OEM
OEM Hybrids? PHEVs? EVs?
Acura Yes No Uncertain
Audi Yes Yes 2020
Bentley No 2017 After 2020
BMW Yes Yes Yes
Buick 2018 No Uncertain
Cadillac Yes Yes 2018?
Chevrolet Yes Yes Yes
Chrysler No Yes Not for a while
Dodge No No Not for a while
Faraday Future No No When they have cash
Ferrari Yes No Never
Fiat No No Yes, in the US
Ford Yes Yes Yes
GMC No No Uncertain
Honda Yes No 2018, in the US
Hyundai Yes Yes 2017
Infiniti Yes No 2020
Jaguar No No 2018
Jeep 2018? No Uncertain
Kia Yes Yes Yes
Lamborghini No No Never?
Land Rover No No Uncertain
Lexus Yes No Uncertain
Lincoln Yes No Uncertain
Mazda No No 2019
Maserati 2017 2020? 2019
Mercedes-Benz No Yes 2020
Mini No 2017 2019
Mitsubishi No No Yes
Nissan No No Yes
Porsche No Yes 2019
Ram No No Uncertain
Rolls-Royce No 2018? Uncertain
Smart No No Yes
Subaru No No 2018?
Tesla No No It's all they do!
Toyota Yes Yes 2020
Volkswagen No No Yes
Volvo Yes Yes 2019

Tracking autonomous vehicle progress is less black-and-white, because while the technology exists in theory, it's technically not legal yet in production vehicles. Therefore, the table below shows which manufacturers we know to have semi-autonomous driving features available (like adaptive cruise control and lane-keeping assist), as well as which ones have announced deadlines for the introduction of fully-autonomous cars. All of this is presented with the caveat that regulations on self-driving cars and countless other factors could affect these timelines. It's one thing to have a self-driving vehicle ready to go, but quite another to be permitted to sell it as such.

Autonomous Technology by OEM
OEM Semi-autonomous? Fully autonomous?
Acura Yes Uncertain
Audi 2017 2020
Bentley Uncertain Does a chauffeur count?
BMW Yes 2021
Buick 2017 2017
Cadillac 2017 2017
Chevrolet 2017 2017
Chrysler Not for a while Not for a while
Dodge Not for a while Not for a while
Faraday Future Uncertain Uncertain
Ferrari Never Never
Fiat Yes Uncertain
Ford Yes 2021
GMC Yes Uncertain
Honda Yes Uncertain
Hyundai Yes Uncertain
Infiniti Yes Uncertain
Jaguar Uncertain Uncertain
Jeep Yes Uncertain
Kia Yes 2030
Lamborghini Uncertain Never!
Land Rover Yes Uncertain
Lexus Yes 2020
Lincoln Yes Uncertain
Mazda Yes Never?
Maserati Yes Uncertain
Mercedes-Benz Yes 2030?
Mini 2020 Never?
Mitsubishi Yes 2020?
Nissan Yes 2020
Porsche Uncertain Never!
Ram Uncertain Uncertain
Rolls-Royce 2018? What do you have against your chauffeur?
Smart Never? Never?
Subaru Yes 2020
Tesla Yes Yes
Toyota Yes 2020? 2030?
Volkswagen Yes 2025
Volvo Yes 2021